Table of Contents
Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by U.S. Government
Child Labor cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by other source
Risk of Child Labor cited by other source
Documented presence of migrant workers
Documented presence of other vulnerable workers
Documented presence or significant likelihood of third-party labor recruiters
Large numbers of dispersed, unorganized, or informal small producers or other worksites
Multiple points of aggregation, co-mingling, and/or transformation across supply chain
Complex/opaque supply chains and/or lack of vertical integration
High degree of flexibility in procurement practices of downstream entities
Scale or nature of risk is strongly associated with certain types of suppliers/entities
Scale or nature of risk is present across multiple tiers or nodes of supply chain (including in associated downstream or upstream goods)
Scale or nature of risk varies significantly based on geographic area of production
The textile supply chain is heavily fragmented; multiple globally dispersed production nodes may contribute to the full value chain of a finished good.19“Sustainability and Circularity in the Global Textile Value Chain: Global Stocktaking.” United Nations Environment Programme, 2020, wedocs.unep.org/handle/20.500.11822/34184/. Many streams of fiber production––including cotton cultivation or the creation of synthetic fibers like polyester––funnel into fiber preparation processes, such as spinning and weaving. In turn, many types of finished fiber materials are used in textile production. Textile production often involves large global retailers subcontracting labor to independent, small-scale manufacturers in order to meet production targets on finished garments.20Zoltkowski, Ania. “What on Earth is a Clothing Supply Chain?” Good on You, 22 Jan. 2022, goodonyou.eco/what-is-a-clothing-supply-chain/. The textile production process itself may contain multiple layers of subcontracting relationships between manufacturers.21Van Klaveren, Maarten, and Kea Tijdens. “Mapping the Global Garment Supply Chain.” WageIndicator.org, Aug 2018, wageindicator.org/documents/publicationslist/publications-2018/2018-garment-wageindicator.pdf. Labor risks have been noted across all nodes of textile production.
Fiber production (including cultivation and synthetic manufacturing)
Fiber preparation and processing (including ginning and spinning)
Textile production (weaving, knitting, bonding, dyeing, and finishing)
Sale and distribution
Cotton, is one of the most widely utilized types of natural fiber. The cultivation and harvest of cotton have been associated with risk of forced and child labor.
Textiles can also be used for technical or industrial purposes, such as protective clothing or chemical resistant linings, PPE, conveyor belts, ropes, nets, vests, bags, tents, and other uses.
Textiles are used in the production of towels, linens, curtains, carpets, and other decorative household items. These items are also used extensively in the Hospitality Sector.