Table of Contents
Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by U.S. Government
Child Labor cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by other source
Risk of Child Labor cited by other source
Documented presence of migrant workers
Documented presence of other vulnerable workers
Documented presence or significant likelihood of third-party labor recruiters
Large numbers of dispersed, unorganized, or informal small producers or other worksites
Multiple points of aggregation, co-mingling, and/or transformation across supply chain
Complex/opaque supply chains and/or lack of vertical integration
High degree of flexibility in procurement practices of downstream entities
Scale or nature of risk varies significantly based on geographic area of production
Scale or nature of risk is strongly associated with certain types of suppliers/entities
Scale or nature of risk is present across multiple tiers or nodes of supply chain (including in associated downstream or upstream goods)
Cotton is the main commodity used in the production of hand-woven textiles and is grown largely on individual small-holder farms. It may be sourced either domestically or from the international market; this is often the case in Ethiopia, where there is often a lack of quality cotton.28Ethiopia: Textile and Clothing Value Chain Roadmap, 2016-2020. International Trade Centre, 2020, https://intracen.org/file/ethiopiatcvcr5-2webpdf. Cotton is then bought by ginners. Spinners buy the ginned cotton to spin it into yarn, which is then either sold to large fabric mills or to weavers.29Final Report on Value Chain Analysis for Weaving Products. Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, August 2015, addischamber.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Valu-Chain-Analysis-for-Weaving-Products.pdf. Most weavers are individual workers in small or home-based workshops in the informal sector though some are a part of formal enterprises that specialize in the production of hand-woven textiles.30Final Report on Value Chain Analysis for Weaving Products. Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, August 2015, addischamber.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Valu-Chain-Analysis-for-Weaving-Products.pdf. Some weavers may also be a part of semi-integrated mills that fulfil several production processes, such as spinning, weaving, dyeing, and sewing, or part of integrated textile/garment enterprises.31Ethiopia: Textile and Clothing Value Chain Roadmap, 2016-2020. International Trade Centre, 2020, https://intracen.org/file/ethiopiatcvcr5-2webpdf.; Final Report on Value Chain Analysis for Weaving Products. Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, August 2015, addischamber.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Valu-Chain-Analysis-for-Weaving-Products.pdf. Weavers produce fabrics that can be broadly categorized as either semi-finished or finished products. Semi-finished textiles are usually sold to domestic factories to be further processed into finished textile or garment products, which are then sold on the international market. Finished textiles mainly constitute traditional clothes that are sold in local markets or to domestic traders.32Abdudullahi, Merima and Gezahegn Ayele. Agri-Chain Analysis of Cotton Sub-Sector in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Development Research Institute, June 2008, www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Agri-Chain-Analysis-of-Cotton-Sub-Sector-in-Merima-Ayele/b2a98f56f4e860c11c9c873d5ef3c8391518485d. Such traders may also be part of purchasing and selling at the different stages of production between the nodes of the supply chain.33Final Report on Value Chain Analysis for Weaving Products. Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations, August 2015, addischamber.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Valu-Chain-Analysis-for-Weaving-Products.pdf.
Garment and textile manufacturing factories
Wholesale and Retail
Hand-woven textiles are often produced with cotton and wool.
Hand-woven textiles are produced with jute (textiles).
Hand-woven textiles are used in the production of garments and traditional clothes such as shawls, and dresses.
Hand-woven textiles are used in the production of carpets, pillowcases, linens, bedspreads, and curtains.