Table of Contents
Child Labor cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Child Labor cited by other source
Documented presence of migrant workers
Documented presence of other vulnerable workers
Documented presence or significant likelihood of third-party labor recruiters
Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by other source
Large numbers of dispersed, unorganized, or informal small producers or other worksites
Multiple points of aggregation, co-mingling, and/or transformation across supply chain
Complex/opaque supply chains and/or lack of vertical integration
High degree of flexibility in procurement practices of downstream entities
Scale or nature of risk varies significantly based on geographic area of production
Scale or nature of risk is strongly associated with certain types of suppliers/entities
Scale or nature of risk is present across multiple tiers or nodes of supply chain (including in associated downstream or upstream goods)
The jute cultivation takes place during rainy seasons and requires long daylight for growth. The land preparation process involves weeding and ploughing. Once the seeds have matured, they are harvested, bundled together and then go through the process of retting, which involves them being put under water. Following the retting process, the fiber is separated from the sticks by hand and dried in the sun to be ready for sale.17Development Research Network. Jute Value Chain in Bangladesh: Information and Knowledge Gaps of Smallholders. LIRNEasia, December 2011, lirneasia.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/Jute-Value-Chain-in-Bangladesh_final.pdf.
The raw jute fibers then pass through traders (whether small or medium) before being sold on to larger miller’s agents (both private and governmental). At jute mills, the jute fibers are made into yarn. The jute yarn can then be passed on to jute diversified products producers, making products such as shopping bags and handbags. The jute products pass through buying agents before being exported to the global market or moved on within the same country.18Development Research Network. Jute Value Chain in Bangladesh: Information and Knowledge Gaps of Smallholders. LIRNEasia, December 2011, lirneasia.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/Jute-Value-Chain-in-Bangladesh_final.pdf.
Jute yarn production
Jute textile production
Jute fiber and yarn can be used to make twine, rope, and mat. Jute matting can be used to prevent flood erosion due to its desirable biodegradable fiber.
Jute fibers can be used to make pulp and paper.
Jute fibers and yarn can be used to make jute cloth for purposes such as wrapping bales of raw cotton.
Jute is used in the manufacturing of a number of fabrics and can be diversified to make products more useful to consumers, such as bags and Espadrilles (footwear).