Table of Contents
Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by other source
Documented presence of migrant workers
Documented presence of other vulnerable workers
Child Labor cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Child Labor cited by other source
Documented presence or significant likelihood of third-party labor recruiters
Multiple points of aggregation, co-mingling, and/or transformation across supply chain
Complex/opaque supply chains and/or lack of vertical integration
Large numbers of dispersed, unorganized, or informal small producers or other worksites
High degree of flexibility in procurement practices of downstream entities
Scale or nature of risk varies significantly based on geographic area of production
Scale or nature of risk is strongly associated with certain types of suppliers/entities
Scale or nature of risk is present across multiple tiers or nodes of supply chain (including in associated downstream or upstream goods)
The primary input for tomato products is tomatoes, which are produced through large or small-scale farming. The Tomatoes profile describes risk in nodes of tomato farming and production. Tomatoes are then processed and packaged into a variety of tomato products in factory settings, including bulk-package tomato paste, canned tomato paste (small size), ketchup products,14Social and Environmental Risk Study on Tomato Products Supply Chain in China. Social Resources Institute (SRI) and Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), March 2014, www.somo.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Made-in-China-CRI.pdf. as well as tomato purees, sauce, juice, and powder. While tomato processing includes automated production processes, sorting and inspecting tomatoes after initial washing is performed manually.15“Tomato Processing Line.” Beyond, fruitprocessingmachine.com/portfolio-items/tomato-processing-line/. Tomato products are sold in international and domestic markets. After sale, the primary tomato product is often further processed by secondary processors into different tomato products or used as an ingredient in other food products.16Social and Environmental Risk Study on Tomato Products Supply Chain in China. Social Resources Institute (SRI) and Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), March 2014, www.somo.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Made-in-China-CRI.pdf. Corporate supply chains of tomato products can differ in nature; certain processing factories produce tomato paste in bulk for the purpose of global exportation to the factories of multinational enterprises abroad, where the tomato paste is further transformed into the final tomato product (e.g. branded tomato sauces like ketchup).17Social and Environmental Risk Study on Tomato Products Supply Chain in China. Social Resources Institute (SRI) and Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), March 2014, www.somo.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Made-in-China-CRI.pdf.
Tomato processing (i.e. sorting, chopping, heating, juicing)
Glass may be used as a container for tomato products.
Raw tomato paste can be used in the production of tomato sauces and other processed food products.