Table of Contents
Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by U.S. Government
Child Labor cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by other source
Risk of Child Labor cited by other source
Documented presence of migrant workers
Documented presence of other vulnerable workers
Documented presence or significant likelihood of third-party labor recruiters
Large numbers of dispersed, unorganized, or informal small producers or other worksites
Multiple points of aggregation, co-mingling, and/or transformation across supply chain
Complex/opaque supply chains and/or lack of vertical integration
High degree of flexibility in procurement practices of downstream entities
Scale or nature of risk is strongly associated with certain types of suppliers/entities
Scale or nature of risk varies significantly based on geographic area of production
Scale or nature of risk is present across multiple tiers or nodes of supply chain (including in associated downstream or upstream goods)
Grapes may be sold to retailers as whole fruit. These grapes are packed either on the premises or at a separate plant and, after transport, are sold fresh via retailers or wholesalers.20Edmiston, J. “What your fruit has been through: A green grape’s journey through a global supply chain on edge.” Financial Post, 7 Feb 2022, financialpost.com/news/economy/what-your-fruit-has-been-through-a-green-grapes-journey-through-a-global-supply-chain-on-edge.
Grapes may also be sold directly or via an aggregator/trader to a processing facility, where they are processed into products such as raisins and grape juice.21Ravi Kumar, KN, Babu, SC. “Value chain management under COVID-19: responses and lessons from grape production in India,” J Soc Econ Dev, 24 Mar 2021, 23(Suppl 3):1-23. link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40847-020-00138-6
Wine has a distinct supply chain. Grapes grown for wine-making purposes are shipped to a wine producer (or processed into wine onsite at the vineyard).22Wine Supply Chain Traceability. GS1, 2008. www.gs1us.org/DesktopModules/Bring2mind/DMX/Download.aspx?Command=Core_Download&EntryId=660&language=en-US&PortalId=0&TabId=134.
Cultivation and Harvesting
Wholesale and Retail
Grapes are sold for personal consumption. Some grapes are used in the production of alcoholic beverages and other processed food and drinks.