Table of Contents
Child Labor cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Child Labor cited by other source
Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by other source
Documented presence of migrant workers
Documented presence of other vulnerable workers
Documented presence or significant likelihood of third-party labor recruiters
Large numbers of dispersed, unorganized, or informal small producers or other worksites
Multiple points of aggregation, co-mingling, and/or transformation across supply chain
Complex/opaque supply chains and/or lack of vertical integration
High degree of flexibility in procurement practices of downstream entities
Scale or nature of risk varies significantly based on geographic area of production
Scale or nature of risk is strongly associated with certain types of suppliers/entities
Scale or nature of risk is present across multiple tiers or nodes of supply chain (including in associated downstream or upstream goods)
Sandal-producing workshops in Indonesia are mainly located in the Ciomas District and are constituted by hundreds of small or home-based workshops. They employ between 5 and 15 workers. The larger workshops can produce approximately 2,000 pairs of shoes or sandals every week. The sandals are produced with rubber and leather, often using simple tools, such as knives, scissors, and sewing machines. The only modern technology used are grinders, which are used for smoothing the materials.
Sandal production is constituted by two types of processes. The bottom process includes the heating of the bottom material of the sandal and gluing it to create a complete sandal. The top process includes sewing the upper part of the sandal, installing fasteners, tracing basic patterns, and so forth. The rubber and/or leather sandals produced in this way are then sold in Bogor, Jakarta, and surrounding cities. This sandal supply chain in Indonesia is completely situated in and oriented towards the domestic market.6Avianti, Annisa and Martua Sihaloho. “The Role of Child Labour in Small Industry of Sandals for Their Household Income and Children’s Welfare.” Journal of Rural Sociology, April 2013, pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e316/4adf22778ff91d7fd9af84ee25ff3efba3e5.pdf?_ga=2.14026163.544850978.1660119319-1052293650.1660119319. p. 17.
Manufacturing in sandal workshops
Footwear (sandals) are sometimes produced with rubber.
Footwear (sandals) are an apparel item associated with the Textile, Apparel, and Luxury Goods Sector.