Table of Contents
Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by U.S. Government
Child Labor cited by U.S. Government
Risk of Forced Labor or Trafficking in Persons cited by other source
Risk of Child Labor cited by other source
Documented presence of migrant workers
Documented presence of other vulnerable workers
Documented presence or significant likelihood of third-party labor recruiters
Large numbers of dispersed, unorganized, or informal small producers or other worksites
Multiple points of aggregation, co-mingling, and/or transformation across supply chain
Complex, opaque supply chains and/or lack of vertical integration
High degree of flexibility in procurement practices of downstream entities
Scale or nature of risk varies significantly based on geographic area of production
Scale or nature of risk is present across multiple tiers or nodes of supply chain (including in associated downstream or upstream goods)
Scale or nature of risk is strongly associated with certain types of suppliers/entities
The seafood sector is characterized by complex supply chains. In fact, “chain” can be slightly misleading; the layers, including multiple levels of middlemen, can be so intricate and opaque as to more closely resemble a web. Fish and shellfish are harvested in open waters or raised via aquaculture in ponds, tanks, or bounded coastal waters. Transshipment vessels may transport wild-caught fish from the catching vessel to the market. After harvest, fish are sold via auction, broker, or market system and then packed and transported to processing facilities or wholesalers. Fish may be sold as fillets or other fresh products. It may also be processed into consumer goods such as canned, frozen, or smoked products. Some fish may pass through multiple levels of processing, while others, such as certain kinds of shellfish, are transported live. Wholesalers receive processed products and fresh fish from both foreign and domestic sources. The wholesalers then distribute the products to retailers and restaurants, where consumers purchase them.10“Fish.” Responsible Sourcing Tool, https://www.responsiblesourcingtool.org/visualizerisk.
Catching or harvesting
Fish are processed into consumer goods such as canned, frozen, smoked or dried fish products.
Fresh fish are sold for personal consumption in the consumer food and beverage sector.
Fish are also used for non-personal consumption, such as pet food and aquaculture feed.